Abstinyl en es it fr

Abstinyl Brand names, Abstinyl Analogs

Abstinyl Brand Names Mixture

  • No information avaliable

Abstinyl Chemical_Formula


Abstinyl RX_link


Abstinyl fda sheet

Abstinyl msds (material safety sheet)

Abstinyl MSDS

Abstinyl Synthesis Reference

No information avaliable

Abstinyl Molecular Weight

296.543 g/mol

Abstinyl Melting Point

71.5 oC

Abstinyl H2O Solubility

4.09 mg/L

Abstinyl State


Abstinyl LogP


Abstinyl Dosage Forms


Abstinyl Indication

For the treatment and management of chronic alcoholism

Abstinyl Pharmacology

Disulfiram produces a sensitivity to alcohol which results in a highly unpleasant reaction when the patient under treatment ingests even small amounts of alcohol. Disulfiram blocks the oxidation of alcohol at the acetaldehyde stage during alcohol metabolism following disulfiram intake, the concentration of acetaldehyde occurring in the blood may be 5 to 10 times higher than that found during metabolism of the same amount of alcohol alone. Accumulation of acetaldehyde in the blood produces a complex of highly unpleasant symptoms referred to hereinafter as the disulfiram-alcohol reaction. This reaction, which is proportional to the dosage of both disulfiram and alcohol, will persist as long as alcohol is being metabolized. Disulfiram does not appear to influence the rate of alcohol elimination from the body. Prolonged administration of disulfiram does not produce tolerance; the longer a patient remains on therapy, the more exquisitely sensitive he becomes to alcohol.

Abstinyl Absorption

Disulfiram is absorbed slowly from the gastrointestinal tract (80 to 90% of oral dose).

Abstinyl side effects and Toxicity

LD50=8.6g/kg (orally in rats). Symptoms of overdose include irritation, slight drowsiness, unpleasant taste, mild GI disturbances, and orthostatic hypotension.

Abstinyl Patient Information

No information avaliable

Abstinyl Organisms Affected

Humans and other mammals