Kiatrium Brand names, Kiatrium Analogs
Kiatrium Brand Names Mixture
Kiatrium fda sheet
Kiatrium msds (material safety sheet)
Kiatrium Synthesis Reference
Reeder, Sternbach; U.S. Pat. 3,371,085 (1968)
Kiatrium Molecular Weight
Kiatrium Melting Point
Kiatrium H2O Solubility
Slightly soluble (50 mg/L)
Kiatrium Dosage Forms
Tablets; Injectable solution
Used in the treatment of severe anxiety disorders, as a hypnotic in the short-term management of insomnia, as a sedative and premedicant, as an anticonvulsant, and in the management of alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
Diazepam, a benzodiazepine, generates the same active metabolite as chlordiazepoxide and clorazepate. In animals, diazepam appears to act on parts of the limbic system, the thalamus and hypothalamus, and induces calming effects. Diazepam, unlike chlorpromazine and reserpine, has no demonstrable peripheral autonomic blocking action, nor does it produce extrapyramidal side effects; however, animals treated with diazepam do have a transient ataxia at higher doses. Diazepam was found to have transient cardiovascular depressor effects in dogs. Long-term experiments in rats revealed no disturbances of endocrine function. Injections into animals have produced localized irritation of tissue surrounding injection sites and some thickening of veins after intravenous use.
Essentially complete, with a bioavailability of 93%.
Kiatrium side effects and Toxicity
Symptoms of overdose include somnolence, confusion, coma, and diminished reflexes. Respiration, pulse and blood pressure should be monitored.
Kiatrium Patient Information
Kiatrium Organisms Affected
Humans and other mammals