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Phenytoin-Gerot Brand names, Phenytoin-Gerot Analogs

Phenytoin-Gerot Brand Names Mixture

  • Dilantin W Phenobarbital 15mg (Phenobarbital + Phenytoin Sodium)
  • Dilantin W Phenobarbital 30mg Cap (Phenobarbital + Phenytoin Sodium)

Phenytoin-Gerot Chemical_Formula


Phenytoin-Gerot RX_link

Phenytoin-Gerot fda sheet

Phenytoin-Gerot FDA

Phenytoin-Gerot msds (material safety sheet)

Phenytoin-Gerot MSDS

Phenytoin-Gerot Synthesis Reference

Henze, U.S. Pat. 2,409,754 (1946)

Phenytoin-Gerot Molecular Weight

252.268 g/mol

Phenytoin-Gerot Melting Point

286 oC

Phenytoin-Gerot H2O Solubility

32 mg/L

Phenytoin-Gerot State


Phenytoin-Gerot LogP


Phenytoin-Gerot Dosage Forms

Capsule (extended release); Liquid; Solution; Suspension; Tablet

Phenytoin-Gerot Indication

For the control of generalized tonic-clonic (grand mal) and complex partial (psychomotor, temporal lobe) seizures and prevention and treatment of seizures occurring during or following neurosurgery.

Phenytoin-Gerot Pharmacology

Phenytoin is an antiepileptic drug which can be useful in the treatment of epilepsy. The primary site of action appears to be the motor cortex where spread of seizure activity is inhibited. Phenytoin reduces the maximal activity of brain stem centers responsible for the tonic phase of tonic-clonic (grand mal) seizures. Phenytoin acts to damp the unwanted, runaway brain activity seen in seizure by reducing electrical conductance among brain cells. It lacks the sedation effects associated with phenobarbital. There are some indications that phenytoin has other effects, including anxiety control and mood stabilization, although it has never been approved for those purposes by the FDA.

Phenytoin-Gerot Absorption

Bioavailability 70-100% oral, 24.4% for rectal and intravenous administration. Rapid rate of absorption with peak blood concentration expected in 1½ to 3 hours.

Phenytoin-Gerot side effects and Toxicity

Oral, mouse: LD50 = 150 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 1635 mg/kg. Symptoms of overdose include coma, difficulty in pronouncing words correctly, involuntary eye movement, lack of muscle coordination, low blood pressure, nausea, sluggishness, slurred speech, tremors, and vomiting.

Phenytoin-Gerot Patient Information

Patients taking phenytoin should be advised of the importance of adhering strictly to the prescribed dosage regimen, and of informing the physician of any clinical condition in which it is not possible to take the drug orally as prescribed, eg, surgery, etc.

Patients should also be cautioned on the use of other drugs or alcoholic beverages without first seeking the physician's advice.

Patients should be instructed to call their physician if skin rash develops.

The importance of good dental hygiene should be stressed in order to minimize the development of gingival hyperplasia and its complications.

Do not use capsules which are discolored.

Phenytoin-Gerot Organisms Affected

Humans and other mammals