Chlortiazid en es it fr

Chlortiazid Brand names, Chlortiazid Analogs

Chlortiazid Brand Names Mixture

  • Supres 150 Tab (Chlorothiazide + Methyldopa)
  • Supres 250 Tab (Chlorothiazide + Methyldopa)

Chlortiazid Chemical_Formula


Chlortiazid RX_link

Chlortiazid fda sheet

Chlortiazid msds (material safety sheet)

Chlortiazid MSDS

Chlortiazid Synthesis Reference

No information avaliable

Chlortiazid Molecular Weight

295.725 g/mol

Chlortiazid Melting Point

350 oC

Chlortiazid H2O Solubility

266 mg/L

Chlortiazid State


Chlortiazid LogP


Chlortiazid Dosage Forms

Tablet (250, 500 mg)

Chlortiazid Indication

Chlorothiazide is indicated as adjunctive therapy in edema associated with congestive heart failure, hepatic cirrhosis, and corticosteroid and estrogen therapy. It is also indicated in the management of hypertension either as the sole therapeutic agent or to enhance the effectiveness of other antihypertensive drugs in the more severe forms of hypertension.

Chlortiazid Pharmacology

Like other thiazides, chlorothiazide promotes water loss from the body (diuretics). It inhibits Na+/Cl- reabsorption from the distal convoluted tubules in the kidneys. Thiazides also cause loss of potassium and an increase in serum uric acid. Thiazides are often used to treat hypertension, but their hypotensive effects are not necessarily due to their diuretic activity. Thiazides have been shown to prevent hypertension-related morbidity and mortality although the mechanism is not fully understood. Thiazides cause vasodilation by activating calcium-activated potassium channels (large conductance) in vascular smooth muscles and inhibiting various carbonic anhydrases in vascular tissue. Chlorothiazide affects the distal renal tubular mechanism of electrolyte reabsorption. At maximal therapeutic dosages, all thiazides are approximately equal in their diuretic efficacy. Chlorothiazide increases excretion of sodium and chloride in approximately equivalent amounts. Natriuresis may be accompanied by some loss of potassium and bicarbonate.

Chlortiazid Absorption

No information avaliable

Chlortiazid side effects and Toxicity

Oral, rat LD50: > 10 g/kg. Signs of overdose include those caused by electrolyte depletion (hypokalemia, hypochloremia, hyponatremia) and dehydration resulting from excessive diuresis. If digitalis has also been administered hypokalemia may accentuate cardiac arrhythmias.

Chlortiazid Patient Information

Chlortiazid Organisms Affected

Humans and other mammals