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Merculest Brand names, Merculest Analogs

Merculest Brand Names Mixture

  • No information avaliable

Merculest Chemical_Formula


Merculest RX_link

Merculest fda sheet

Merculest msds (material safety sheet)

Merculest MSDS

Merculest Synthesis Reference

No information avaliable

Merculest Molecular Weight

281.826 g/mol

Merculest Melting Point

No information avaliable

Merculest H2O Solubility


Merculest State


Merculest LogP


Merculest Dosage Forms

Tablets containing 1 gram of colestipol hydrochloride (light yellow in color and are tasteless and odorless)

Merculest Indication

For use, as adjunctive therapy to diet, for the reduction of elevated serum total and LDL-C in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia (elevated LDL-C) who do not respond adequately to diet.

Merculest Pharmacology

Cholesterol is the major, and probably the sole precursor of bile acids. During normal digestion, bile acids are secreted via the bile from the liver and gall bladder into the intestines. Bile acids emulsify the fat and lipid materials present in food, thus facilitating absorption. A major portion of the bile acids secreted is reabsorbed from the intestines and returned via the portal circulation to the liver, thus completing the enterohepatic cycle. Only very small amounts of bile acids are found in normal serum. Colestipol hydrochloride binds bile acids in the intestine forming a complex that is excreted in the feces. This nonsystemic action results in a partial removal of the bile acids from the enterohepatic circulation, preventing their reabsorption. Since colestipol hydrochloride is an anion exchange resin, the chloride anions of the resin can be replaced by other anions, usually those with a greater affinity for the resin than the chloride ion.

Merculest Absorption

Not absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.

Merculest side effects and Toxicity

Oral LD50 in rats is > 1000 mg/kg. Symptoms of overdose may include eye irritation, constipation, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and hypersensitivity. However, as colestipol is not absorbed, the risk of systemic toxicity is low.

Merculest Patient Information

Merculest Organisms Affected

Humans and other mammals