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Cytosine arabinose Brand names, Cytosine arabinose Analogs

Cytosine arabinose Brand Names Mixture

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Cytosine arabinose Chemical_Formula


Cytosine arabinose RX_link

Cytosine arabinose fda sheet

Cytosine arabinose msds (material safety sheet)

Cytosine_arabinose MSDS

Cytosine arabinose Synthesis Reference

Krenitski, et al; Carbohydr.Res.; 97, 139-146(1981)

Cytosine arabinose Molecular Weight

243.217 g/mol

Cytosine arabinose Melting Point


Cytosine arabinose H2O Solubility

Freely soluble

Cytosine arabinose State


Cytosine arabinose LogP


Cytosine arabinose Dosage Forms

Injectable solution

Cytosine arabinose Indication

For the treatment of acute non-lymphocytic leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia and blast phase of chronic myelocytic leukemia.

Cytosine arabinose Pharmacology

Cytarabine is an antineoplastic anti-metabolite used in the treatment of several forms of leukemia including acute myelogenous leukemia and meningeal leukemia. Anti-metabolites masquerade as purine or pyrimidine - which become the building blocks of DNA. They prevent these substances becoming incorporated in to DNA during the "S" phase (of the cell cycle), stopping normal development and division. Cytarabine is metabolized intracellularly into its active triphosphate form (cytosine arabinoside triphosphate). This metabolite then damages DNA by multiple mechanisms, including the inhibition of alpha-DNA polymerase, inhibition of DNA repair through an effect on beta-DNA polymerase, and incorporation into DNA. The latter mechanism is probably the most important. Cytotoxicity is highly specific for the S phase of the cell cycle.

Cytosine arabinose Absorption

Less than 20% of the orally administered dose is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.

Cytosine arabinose side effects and Toxicity

Cytarabine syndrome may develop - it is characterized by fever, myalgia, bone pain, occasionally chest pain, maculopapular rash, conjunctivitis, and malaise.

Cytosine arabinose Patient Information

This medicine is a type of chemotherapy for treating cancers of the
blood and certain other cancers. This medicine interfers with the
way cancer cells grow, Take your doses on a regular scheduled time
and DO NOT take this medicine more often than directed by your health
care provider. Finish the full course prescribed by your health care
provider. DO NOT stop taking this medicine unless diredted to do so
by your health care provider. While taking this medicine, you make
get infection more easily. Call your doctor if you get a fever, chills,
or sore throat. Drink plenty of water with this medicine.

Cytosine arabinose Organisms Affected

Humans and other mammals