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GEO Brand names, GEO Analogs

GEO Brand Names Mixture

  • No information avaliable

GEO Chemical_Formula

C9H11F2N3O4

GEO RX_link

http://www.rxlist.com/cgi/generic/gemcitab.htm

GEO fda sheet

GEO FDA

GEO msds (material safety sheet)

GEO MSDS

GEO Synthesis Reference

No information avaliable

GEO Molecular Weight

263.198 g/mol

GEO Melting Point

168.64oC

GEO H2O Solubility

Soluble

GEO State

Solid

GEO LogP

-1.318

GEO Dosage Forms

Lyophilized powder for injection

GEO Indication

For the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic breast cancer, locally advanced (Stage IIIA or IIIB), or metastatic (Stage IV) non-small cell lung cancer and as first-line treatment for patients with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas.

GEO Pharmacology

Gemcitabine is an antineoplastic anti-metabolite. Anti-metabolites masquerade as purine or pyrimidine - which become the building blocks of DNA. They prevent these substances becoming incorporated in to DNA during the "S" phase (or DNA synthesis phase of the cell cycle), stopping normal development and division. Gemcitabine blocks an enzyme which converts the cytosine nucleotide into the deoxy derivative. In addition, DNA synthesis is further inhibited because Gemcitabine blocks the incorporation of the thymidine nucleotide into the DNA strand.

GEO Absorption

100%

GEO side effects and Toxicity

Myelosuppression, paresthesias, and severe rash were the principal toxicities, LD50=500 mg/kg (orally in mice and rats)

GEO Patient Information

General Patients receiving therapy with Gemzar should be monitored closely by a physician
experienced in the use of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Most adverse events are reversible and
do not need to result in discontinuation, although doses may need to be withheld or reduced.
There was a greater tendency in women, especially older women, not to proceed to the next
cycle.

Laboratory Tests Patients receiving Gemzar should be monitored prior to each dose with a
complete blood count (CBC), including differential and platelet count. Suspension or
modification of therapy should be considered when marrow suppression is detected.

GEO Organisms Affected

Humans and other mammals