Brand Names Mixture
- Tenoretic (atenolol + chlorthalidone)
msds (material safety sheet)
Barrett et al., U.S. Pat. 3,,663,607 (1972)
Tablet (25, 50 and 100 mg); Intravenous injection
For the management of hypertention and long-term management of patients with angina pectoris
Atenolol, a competitive beta(1)-selective adrenergic antagonist, has the lowest lipid solubility of this drug class. Although it is similar to metoprolol, atenolol differs from pindolol and propranolol in that it does not have intrinsic sympathomimetic properties or membrane-stabilizing activity. Atenolol is used alone or with chlorthalidone in the management of hypertension and edema.
oral dose if rapid and consisten but incomplete. Approximately 50% of an oral dose is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract, the remainder being excreted unchanged in the feces.
side effects and Toxicity
LD50=2000-3000 mg/kg(orally in mice). Symptoms of an atenolol overdose include a slow heart beat, shortness of breath, fainting, dizziness, weakness, confusion, nausea, and vomiting.
This belongs to the group of medicines known as beta-blockers. Atenolol can
be used to treat high blood pressure, angina (chest pain) and irregular
heartbeat. It has varied effects in different parts of the body. High Blood
Pressure: Atenolol works by blocking the transmission of messages to the beta
receptors in the heart which slows down the activity of the heart, decreasing
blood pressure. Angina: Atenolol works by blocking the transmission of messages
to the beta receptors in the heart which slows down the activity of the heart
and reduces the heart's need for oxygen. This makes angina attacks less likely
to occur. Irregular Heartbeat: Normally the heartbeat is regulated by special
tissues which conduct electricity. Some cases of irregular heartbeat are caused
by these tissues conducting electricity too quickly. Atenolol works by reducing
over-activity in the conducting tissue.
Humans and other mammals