Elase-Chloromycetin en es it fr

Category

Elase-Chloromycetin
add to favotites goo dig stu tec squ mys
fac del pro twi yah mya far


Elase-Chloromycetin Brand names, Elase-Chloromycetin Analogs

Elase-Chloromycetin Brand Names Mixture

  • No information avaliable

Elase-Chloromycetin Chemical_Formula

C11H12Cl2N2O5

Elase-Chloromycetin RX_link

http://www.rxlist.com/cgi/generic3/chloramphenicol.htm

Elase-Chloromycetin fda sheet

Elase-Chloromycetin FDA

Elase-Chloromycetin msds (material safety sheet)

Elase-Chloromycetin MSDS

Elase-Chloromycetin Synthesis Reference

No information avaliable

Elase-Chloromycetin Molecular Weight

323.129 g/mol

Elase-Chloromycetin Melting Point

150.5 oC

Elase-Chloromycetin H2O Solubility

2500 mg/L (at 25 °C)

Elase-Chloromycetin State

Solid

Elase-Chloromycetin LogP

1.476

Elase-Chloromycetin Dosage Forms

Capsule; Drops; Liquid; Ointment; Powder; Solution; Suspension; Tablet

Elase-Chloromycetin Indication

Used in treatment of cholera, as it destroys the vibrios and decreases the diarrhea. It is effective against tetracycline-resistant vibrios. It is also used in eye drops or ointment to treat bacterial conjunctivitis.

Elase-Chloromycetin Pharmacology

Chloramphenicol is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that was derived from the bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae and is now produced synthetically. Chloramphenicol is effective against a wide variety of microorganisms, but due to serious side-effects (e.g., damage to the bone marrow, including aplastic anemia) in humans, it is usually reserved for the treatment of serious and life-threatening infections (e.g., typhoid fever). Chloramphenicol is bacteriostatic but may be bactericidal in high concentrations or when used against highly susceptible organisms. Chloramphenicol stops bacterial growth by binding to the bacterial ribosome (blocking peptidyl transferase) and inhibiting protein synthesis.

Elase-Chloromycetin Absorption

Rapidly and completely absorbed from gastrointestinal tract following oral administration (bioavailability 80%). Well absorbed following intramuscular administration (bioavailability 70%). Intraocular and some systemic absorption also occurs after topical application to the eye.

Elase-Chloromycetin side effects and Toxicity

Oral, mouse: LD50 = 1500 mg/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 2500 mg/kg. Toxic reactions including fatalities have occurred in the premature and newborn; the signs and symptoms associated with these reactions have been referred to as the gray syndrome. Symptoms include (in order of appearance) abdominal distension with or without emesis, progressive pallid cyanosis, vasomotor collapse frequently accompanied by irregular respiration, and death within a few hours of onset of these symptoms.

Elase-Chloromycetin Patient Information

No information avaliable

Elase-Chloromycetin Organisms Affected

Enteric bacteria and other eubacteria