Antepsin Brand names, Antepsin Analogs
Antepsin Brand Names Mixture
Antepsin fda sheet
Antepsin msds (material safety sheet)
Antepsin Synthesis Reference
No information avaliable
Antepsin Molecular Weight
Antepsin Melting Point
Antepsin H2O Solubility
Antepsin Dosage Forms
Tablets for oral administration (50 mg); Capsules for oral administration (50 mg, 100 mg and 200 mg)
For the acute treatment of the cutaneous manifestations of moderate to severe erythema nodosum leprosum (ENL). Also for use as maintenance therapy for prevention and suppression of the cutaneous manifestations of ENL recurrence.
Thalidomide is an immunomodulatory agent with a spectrum of activity that is not fully characterized. Thalidomide is racemic — it contains both left and right handed isomers in equal amounts: one enantiomer is effective against morning sickness, and the other is teratogenic. The enantiomers are converted to each other in vivo. That is, if a human is given D-thalidomide or L-thalidomide, both isomers can be found in the serum. Hence, administering only one enantiomer will not prevent the teratogenic effect in humans.
The absolute bioavailability has not yet been characterized in human subjects due to its poor aqueous solubility. In studies of both healthy volunteers and subjects with Hansen’s disease, the mean time to peak plasma concentrations (Tmax) ranged from 2.9 to 5.7 hours indicating that thalidomide is slowly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.
Antepsin side effects and Toxicity
The R-configuration and the S-configuration are more toxic individually than the racemic mixture. The LD50 could not be established in mice for racemic thalidomide, whereas LD50 values for the R and S configurations are reported to be 0.4 to 0.7 g/kg and 0.5 to 1.5 g/kg, respectively.
Antepsin Patient Information
Antepsin Organisms Affected
Humans and other mammals